ITRC Fact Sheet 130A
Correcting Misinformation on Medical Records

Misinformation on medical records may be caused by human error or identity theft. It can lead to an inaccurate diagnosis of a condition and could be fatal if the information causes a drug interaction, allergic reaction or inappropriate diagnoses.

You should be able to fully correct medical records created in your name. HIPAA, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is federal law that protects patients from unauthorized access to personal medical information and addresses the problem of errors in medical records.

Health care providers are often unwilling to remove any information from your medical record because it may simply be a case of mixing two patients’ records and they don’t want to lose any information regarding either patient. Outlined below are steps that you can take to rectify mistakes in your medical records and protect yourself from the consequences associated with erroneous health records.

For the purpose of this information guide, all information provided is per HIPAA regulations. We suggest that you also check your state laws about any additional rules or regulations regarding health care privacy and record correction.

How to correct errors in your medical and insurance records:


ITRC Fact Sheet FS 130 – Basic Medical Identity Theft

ITRC Letter Form LF 130A - Request for Medical Records - a nonprofit organization that studies medical privacy rights

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services - The area of medical privacy is complex. It is guided by HIPAA (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services), and your state laws.


 This fact sheet should not be used in lieu of legal advice. Any requests to reproduce this material, other than by individual victims for their own use, should be directed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..