ITRC Fact Sheet 132
Identity Theft Products

This fact sheet covers:

The Identity Theft Resource Center receives numerous inquiries from consumers regarding identity theft products and services available for purchase.  While ITRC does not endorse any specific product or service, this document has been created to help consumers understand various products, their benefits and limitations, and what items should be included. Most of these services can be done by an industrious and identity theft-aware consumer. For instance, you can check your own credit reports via the free federal program: Please refer to ITRC Fact Sheet FS 125 for more information.

However, if you have the discretionary money and want to take advantage of consumer products, this guide will help you understand a little bit more about what you’re purchasing.

Identity theft is not just a financial crime. Therefore, it is ITRC‘s position that no one product can fully protect you from identity theft and that any advertisement stating it provides a complete protection program may be misleading.  For example, none of these products can stop a criminal from using your information when being ticketed by a police officer. Additionally, they cannot stop someone from using your Social Security number to get a job or apply for government benefits.

Using the word “protect,” implies the ability to proactively stop a crime before it happens. Some of these products and services are reactive and only let you know a crime has occurred after the fact.

As you consider the following services, ITRC would like to remind you to shop carefully, read contracts and privacy policies, and check out companies with the Better Business Bureau or state Attorneys General. You can also do an Internet search for complaints about specific companies or services. 

Credit Monitoring Services:

Credit monitoring is a service which allows consumers to be advised about changes on their credit reports, and/or to view a summary of their credit report upon request. This service may monitor only one credit report or it could monitor reports from all the major Credit Reporting Agencies (i.e. Experian, Equifax and TransUnion). You should be aware that all three reports are not identical.

If you wish to sign up for a credit monitoring service, you should review and evaluate the various options available to determine the product and/or service that best meets your needs.

To date, credit monitoring products only help in a limited area of financial identity theft, and do not address the other forms of identity theft, such as criminal, governmental services, etc. They also do not indicate account takeover or the misuse of existing credit cards. In addition, new bank accounts, utility accounts, and some other types of financial accounts may not appear on your credit report until they go to collection.

Please beware of the following:

Identity Monitoring Services:

These new services go beyond traditional credit monitoring by including additional areas where fraudulent activity may be indicated. In some cases, these may be more proactive in alerting you to fraudulent activity in real time. Each service is slightly different. 

Additional areas may include:

Some companies calculate identity risk by looking for any suspicious or unusual relationships among billions of basic identity elements. Others include credit monitoring and some of the additional items mentioned above. Look for a service that notifies you quickly of any developing problem.

Credit Freeze Products: 

A credit or security freeze is a stronger measure than a fraud alert. It literally locks your credit report from viewing for the purpose of new lines of credit, and for some employment and tenancy purposes. When in place, potential creditors, insurance companies, landlords and some employers doing financial background checks may be told that your report is unavailable for viewing. The price varies from state to state and is usually free for victims of identity theft (please see our State Resources Map for your state’s freeze law). This product is typically added to other identity theft services. For more information about Credit Freezes see ITRC Fact Sheet FS 124.

Ask the following questions?

Victim Resolution or Restitution Products:

By definition, victim resolution or restitution is the process by which a victim clears all fraudulent records created by an identity thief. 

There are companies that will do all the restoration work for you. Make sure the company will cover any identity theft case that unknowingly existed before you purchased the program. A contract clause denying coverage for a pre-existing identity theft case is the one that most consumers discover after the fact and then find themselves without assistance.

Ask about the following items:

ITRC cannot stress enough the need for victims to do their homework as part of your “buyer beware” due diligence.

Note: There are many state and non-profit organizations that will assist victims WITHOUT charge. These organizations will guide victims through the process, step by step, and will even provide letter forms to use.

Data Sweep Services: 

This type of company checks the Internet for listings of your personal identifying information. While names, Social Security numbers and financial records are critical to identity theft, other pieces of information, such as your email address, also expose you to spammers and identity thieves. Once personal information is detected, these services will provide an alert so that steps may be taken to remove it.

Questions to ask these companies include:

Identity Theft Insurance:

These are insurance programs, or add-ons to existing policies, that help replace real expenses incurred by the victims of identity theft. Look for the following items:


This fact sheet should not be used in lieu of legal advice. Any requests to reproduce this material, other than by individual victims for their own use, should be directed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..