Updated 7/26/2021: With the REAL ID deadline pushed back to May of 2023, you have time to determine if you should replace your current government-issued ID, as well as be aware of any scams that may pop around near the time of the change. However, officials say people should still update their ID when they can.
What is a REAL ID?
Over fifteen years ago, Congress passed the REAL ID Act, which set a uniform standard for how individual states issue driver’s licenses and state IDs. Before the 9/11 attacks, each state determined the requirements on how to prove your identity and address when applying for identity documents. Once the ID was issued, it was automatically valid in all other states. Since the 9/11 hijackers used legal, state-issued IDs in their attacks, the federal government created guidelines to standardize the credentials required to travel by air or enter federal government buildings.
After numerous delays in the 15+ years since the law was enacted, U.S. residents must now decide if they need a REAL ID with the REAL ID deadline approaching, or to keep their current state-government-issued ID.
What to Consider
It’s important to consider your circumstances and if you truly need a REAL ID, especially with the REAL ID deadline approaching in 2023. If you plan to travel domestically by commercial airline within the United States, you will need the enhanced ID. However, if you are not planning to travel within the U.S. by air or enter a federal government building, your regular state identification card or Driver’s License is still valid. If your license is valid—whether it is a REAL ID or not—you will still be able to use it as a form of identification for activities like writing a check.
At the start of COVID-19, the DMV expanded the eligibility to renew licenses by mail or online. To encourage more people to get the REAL ID card, the DMV will waive the fees paid by customers who got a regular ID between March 2020 and July 2021 (approximately 5.7 million people). The offer will stand until the end of 2021. Click here for more information. To receive a REAL ID, you need to go to the DMV in person.
There are some important steps to obtain a REAL ID in your state with the REAL ID deadline approaching in 2023 and specific documents you must have. Be sure to check with your state’s DMV or state police website in order to find out what you must bring with you. According to the Department of Homeland Security’s Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), “At a minimum, you must provide documentation showing: 1) Full Legal Name; 2) Date of Birth; 3) Social Security Number; 4) Two Proofs of Address of Principal Residence; and 5) Lawful Status.”
For example, to apply for the REAL ID card in California, you need to present one identity document that includes your date of birth and full name. That could include:
- Valid, unexpired U.S. passport or passport card
- Original or Certified copy of U.S birth certificate (issued by a city, county or state vital statistics office); “Abbreviated” or “Abstract” certificates are not accepted
- U.S. Certificate of Birth Abroad or Consular Report of Birth Abroad of U.S. Citizen
- Unexpired foreign passport with valid U.S. Visa and approved I-94 form
- Certified copy of birth certificate from a U.S. Territory
- Certificate of Naturalization or Certificate of U.S. Citizenship
- Valid, unexpired Permanent Resident Card
- Valid, unexpired Employment Authorization Document (EAD) Card (I-766) or valid/expired EAD Card with Notice of Action (I-797 C)
- Valid/expired Permanent Resident Card with Notice of Action (I-797 C) or Approval Notice (I-797)
- Unexpired foreign passport stamped “Processed for I-551”
- Documents reflecting TPS benefit eligibility
For example, you cannot upgrade your license or ID over the phone, you will not be required to pay a fee or fine for not having a REAL ID and you will never be asked for the information on your license.
You will not receive a fine from the police for driving with a license that is not a REAL ID as long as it is valid. Also, you cannot be turned away at a polling place if you are a registered voter.
When in doubt, reach out to your local agency that issues REAL IDs for more information.
Data Storage & Protection
Once you are done applying for your REAL ID, don’t forget about data storage and protection. Important papers like your W-2 form, Social Security Administration card and other documents (even your devices) should never be unattended, even in a locked vehicle.
Once you get home, it is also important to lock up your documents in a safe place to keep people—even people you thought you could trust—from accessing them. This could be a locked filing cabinet or firebox.
Contact the ITRC
For more information on the REAL ID deadline approaching in 2023, or if you believe you have been targeted with a READ ID scam, contact the Identity Theft Resource Center. You can speak with an expert advisor toll-free by phone (888.400.5530) or live-chat. Just visit www.idtheftcenter.org to get started.
For on-the-go identity assistance, check out the free ID Theft Help App from ITRC.
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