According to our 2018 End-of-Year Breach Report, there were a total of 135 financial, credit and banking data breaches, exposing 1,709,013 records last year. In the report, banking/credit/financial had the third-highest amount of data breaches of the five industry categories the Identity Theft Resource Center tracks. Of all the data breaches recorded in 2018, hacking was the most common form of data breaches. That trend has been noticeable throughout our 10,000 Breaches Later blog series and continues to play a role when it comes to financial, credit and banking data breaches.

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This is one of many reasons why the ITRC  has been working to empower financial, credit and banking identity theft victims with the resources they need to resolve their cases since 1999. That includes helping people proactively reduce their risk of becoming a victim of identity theft. Since 2005, the ITRC has recorded over 10,000 publicly notified data breaches with monthly and cumulative end-of-year reports.

Last month, we looked at some of the largest government and military data breaches. Now we shift our focus to the top five most impactful financial, credit and banking data breaches (as well as a bonus breach) for consumers.

Capital One

Just three months ago on July 29, 2019, Capital One announced that a hacker had gained access to 100 million U.S. and six million Canadian Capital One customers’ accounts and credit card applications in March of 2019. Individuals and small businesses were affected by this data breach that disclosed names, addresses, dates of birth, email addresses, credit scores, credit limits, payment history and balances. Roughly 140,000 Social Security numbers (SSNs) and 80,000 linked bank account numbers were also exposed. At the time of the breach, the ITRC urged consumers to take action, freeze their credit, be aware of scams and to document all of their steps they were taking if they were impacted (utilizing our ID Theft Help App as one tool). This breach was particularly impactful due to the high amount of SSNs and bank account numbers exposed and the gigantic amount of accounts accessed. A stolen Social Security number can lead to multiple types of identity theft, including financial identity theft, government identity theft, criminal identity theft, medical identity theft and utility fraud.

JPMorgan Chase & Co.

First reported in August of 2014, JPMorgan Chase & Co. experienced a cyberattack that allowed hackers to access the personal information of 76 million households and seven million small businesses. The information accessed included names, addresses, phone numbers, email addresses and internal JPMorgan Chase & Co. information of those users. Customers affected by this breach were those who used, JP Morgan online, Chase Mobile and JP Morgan Mobile. Many JPMorgan Chase & Co. customers were impacted because JPMorgan Chase & Co. did not have to send out notification letters to affected consumers in many states because the breach did not expose sensitive information like account numbers, passwords, dates of birth and Social Security numbers. Instead, Chase posted a blanket statement on the homepage of their website. That left some individuals affected on their own to figure out what to do.


Credit card processing company, CardSystems Solutions, Inc., discovered in May 2005 and reported one month later that they had experienced a  data breach in which a hacker was able to insert a virus into the computer system that captured customer data. Around 40 million Visa and MasterCard credit and debit card accounts were affected. Following the breach, Visa said it would continue to work with CardSystems when the case was resolved. MasterCard said that it would give CardSystems a limited amount of time to demonstrate compliance with MasterCard’s security requirements. The data breach led to Visa and MasterCard dropping CardSystems as their credit card processor. An important point for consumers to understand in this instance, in particular, is that many institutions utilize third-party vendors that can have a detrimental impact on their data even if the consumer is as vigilant as possible.

BNY Mellon Shareowner Services

On February 27, 2008, Bank of New York Mellon (BNY Mellon) lost a box of backup tapes in transit to a storage facility that contained the names, addresses, dates of birth and Social Security numbers of 12.5 million customers. Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal said he was alarmed and deeply concerned at the time of the breach. Notification letters were sent to those affected in May and the breach had such a large impact the bank went on to hire more customer service representatives to handle the influx of calls from concerned customers. This is a reminder that if you are impacted by a breach, it is important to take the necessary steps to protect yourself.


In October 2015, retail stock brokerage firm, Scottrade, INC., disclosed that hackers had stolen client contact information and SSNs for 4.6 million customers. In an email notice sent to customers, Scottrade said that although SSNs, email addresses and other sensitive data were contained in the accessed system, they believed that only client names and street addresses were the focus of the hack. However, the company said it would offer those affected identity theft protection services “as a precaution.” At the time of the breach, federal authorities were also investigating similar thefts at other financial services companies. It is important for consumers to realize that even if a company believes that only certain records where the targets, any data that may have been compromised opens those impacted to much more risk than an organization may communicate in its notification.

Bonus Breach: First American Financial Corp.

In May 2019, it was reported that financial services corporation, First American Financial Corp., had been exposing a massive 885 million real estate and mortgage-related documents through its website. By simply altering a nine-digit record number attached to a transaction link, users were able to potentially pull up other transaction documents containing information such as names, phone numbers, addresses, driver’s licenses, Social Security numbers, bank account numbers and statements, mortgage and tax records and wire transactions receipts. In an update posted by First American regarding the financial, credit and banking data breach, the investigation only identified 32 consumers whose non-public personal information was likely accessed without authorization. This breach could have led to mortgage fraud where a hacker tries to take out a loan in the victim’s name as well as other types of fraud like title fraud.

As we recap the last 10,000 breaches, the ITRC hopes to help those impacted understand how to minimize their risk and mitigate their data compromises. If you have received a data breach notification letter, call us at 888.400.5530 or LiveChat to talk with a live-advisor on what you should do.

In our final 10,000 Breaches Later blog, we will take a look at some of the biggest education data breaches since 2005 and the effect they have had on children, parents and teachers. For a look at all of ITRC’s 10,000 breaches blogs, visit

Contact the Identity Theft Resource Center for toll-free, no-cost assistance at 888.400.5530. For on-the-go assistance, check out the free ID Theft Help App from ITRC.

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